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探访中国最大精子库:给后代上一份优生优育险

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月19日 14:06:48
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(  中)(新)(网)(长)(沙)(7月)(31日)(电)(题)(:探)(访)(中)(国)(最)(大)(精)(子)(库)(:给)(后)(代)(上)(一)(份)(优)(生)(优)(育)(险)(
  作)(者)(付)(敬)(懿)(徐)(志)(雄)(
  随)(着)(放)(开)(二)(孩)(政)(策)(,中)(国)(各)(地)(精)(子)(库)(“闹)(精)(荒)(”、“一)("精)("难)(求)(”等)(被)(频)(繁)(曝)(光)(,“精)(子)(银)(行)(”是)(否)(真)(的)(存)(在)(库)(存)(短)(缺)(问)(题)(?30日)(,记)(者)(走)(进)(湖)(南)(中)(信)(湘)(雅)(生)(殖)(与)(遗)(传)(专)(科)(医)(院)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(一)(探)(究)(竟)(。
  创)(建)(于)(1981年)(的)(中)(信)(湘)(雅)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(,是)(中)(国)(第)(一)(个)(人)(类)(冷)(冻)(精)(子)(库)(,也)(是)(目)(前)(中)(国)(规)(模)(最)(大)(、技)(术)(力)(量)(最)(雄)(厚)(的)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(,由)(中)(国)(生)(殖)(工)(程)(创)(始)(人)(之)(一)(、试)(管)(婴)(儿)(之)(母)(卢)(光)(t建)(立)(。
  “二)(孩)(政)(策)(的)(开)(放)(,一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(提)(高)(了)(精)(子)(库)(的)(供)(给)(要)(求)(,但)(并)(未)(如)(某)(些)(人)(想)(象)(的)(那)(样)(有)(突)(发)(式)(增)(长)(。”中)(信)(湘)(雅)(生)(殖)(与)(遗)(传)(专)(科)(医)(院)(院)(长)(卢)(光)(t表)(示)(,受)(“二)(孩)(”政)(策)(影)(响)(,医)(院)(去)(年)(试)(管)(婴)(儿)(周)(期)(数)(增)(长)(近)(百)(分)(之)(二)(十)(,但)(这)(并)(不)(直)(接)(影)(响)(精)(子)(库)(的)(库)(存)(。
  卢)(光)(t说)(,精)(子)(库)(主)(要)(是)(为)(不)(能)(生)(育)(的)(患)(者)(提)(供)(精)(子)(服)(务)(,大)(部)(分)(“二)(孩)(”夫)(妇)(并)(不)(存)(在)(这)(一)(问)(题)(。只)(是)(随)(着)(政)(策)(的)(放)(开)(,精)(子)(库)(被)(不)(断)(报)(道)(,逐)(渐)(为)(民)(众)(认)(可)(,被)(更)(多)(需)(求)(者)(所)(接)(受)(。“就)(湖)(南)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(而)(言)(,36年)(的)(积)(累)(库)(存)(已)(达)(14余)(万)(份)(。”
  而)(所)(谓)(的)(“闹)(精)(慌)(”现)(象)(,是)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(一)(直)(存)(在)(“供)(不)(应)(求)(”的)(情)(况)(,主)(要)(是)(捐)(献)(者)(人)(数)(少)(,合)(格)(捐)(献)(者)(比)(例)(低)(、要)(求)(供)(精)(病)(患)(人)(数)(多)(造)(成)(的)(矛)(盾)(。
  “中)(国)(受)(传)(统)(思)(维)(影)(响)(很)(深)(,很)(多)(人)(将)(捐)(精)(看)(成)(是)("不)(合)(礼)(法)("、"不)(成)(体)(统)("的)(事)(。”中)(信)(湘)(雅)(生)(殖)(与)(遗)(传)(专)(科)(医)(院)(常)(务)(副)(院)(长)(范)(立)(青)(说)(,据)(调)(查)(,中)(国)(高)(校)(在)(校)(大)(学)(生)(中)(能)(够)(接)(受)(捐)(献)(精)(子)(的)(人)(数)(不)(足)(五)(分)(之)(一)(,而)(这)(其)(中)(自)(愿)(参)(与)(捐)(献)(的)(又)(不)(足)(一)(半)(。
  “捐)(精)(的)(宣)(传)(并)(不)(像)(献)(血)(那)(样)(,很)(难)(在)(公)(共)(场)(合)(、网)(上)(招)(募)(,因)(为)(大)(家)(在)(伦)(理)(道)(德)(方)(面)(可)(能)(会)(有)(想)(法)(。”范)(立)(青)(指)(出)(,在)(他)(们)(的)(工)(作)(中)(就)(多)(次)(出)(现)(家)(长)(、女)(友)(等)(强)(行)(要)(求)(甚)(至)(逼)(迫)(捐)(献)(者)(放)(弃)(捐)(献)(的)(事)(例)(。
  精)(子)(质)(量)(逐)(年)(下)(降)(也)(是)(中)(国)(精)(子)(库)(的)(库)(存)(“危)(机)(”。捐)(精)(人)(数)(逐)(年)(上)(涨)(,但)(合)(格)(率)(却)(逐)(年)(下)(降)(,根)(据)(湖)(南)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(数)(据)(统)(计)(,捐)(献)(者)(合)(格)(率)(已)(从)(2006年)(平)(均)(的)(45.9%下)(降)(至)(2015年)(17.9%。
  “现)(在)(青)(年)(人)(老)(是)(夜)(猫)(子)(、大)(学)(里)(性)(比)(较)(开)(放)(,不)(良)(生)(活)(规)(律)(很)(容)(易)(导)(致)(精)(子)(质)(量)(下)(降)(。”卢)(光)(t说)(,中)(国)(精)(子)(库)(对)(捐)(献)(者)(精)(子)(活)(力)(的)(要)(求)(一)(直)(高)(标)(准)(,大)(约)(是)(正)(常)(人)(的)(四)(倍)(,而)(对)(于)(精)(子)(使)(用)(次)(数)(的)(控)(制)(近)(乎)(苛)(刻)(。
  捐)(献)(者)(完)(成)(整)(个)(捐)(献)(平)(均)(需)(三)(个)(月)(,捐)(献)(后)(还)(必)(须)(将)(精)(子)(标)(本)(封)(存)(六)(个)(月)(,经)(复)(检)(合)(格)(后)(方)(可)(提)(供)(使)(用)(,一)(个)(捐)(献)(者)(的)(精)(子)(最)(多)(只)(供)(给)(五)(名)(妇)(女)(受)(孕)(。通)(过)(这)(些)(严)(格)(要)(求)(的)(限)(制)(,捐)(献)(的)(精)(子)(使)(用)(等)(待)(时)(间)(较)(长)(,可)(使)(用)(人)(数)(有)(限)(。
  需)(求)(不)(断)(增)(加)(,但)(捐)(献)(量)(却)(难)(有)(相)(应)(提)(高)(,优)(质)(精)(液)(库)(存)(呈)(现)(下)(降)(趋)(势)(。“捐)(精)(和)(献)(血)(都)(是)(捐)(赠)(细)(胞)(,是)(人)(道)(主)(义)(的)(捐)(赠)(行)(为)(。”范)(立)(青)(表)(示)(,大)(学)(生)(的)(视)(野)(更)(开)(阔)(、心)(态)(更)(开)(放)(,希)(望)(满)(足)(条)(件)(的)(青)(年)(多)(来)(精)(子)(库)(。
  记)(者)(在)(湖)(南)(人)(类)(精)(子)(库)(看)(到)(,精)(子)(库)(内)(设)(取)(精)(室)(、初)(检)(实)(验)(室)(、冷)(冻)(室)(、外)(供)(室)(等)(多)(个)(科)(室)(。志)(愿)(者)(需)(要)(独)(自)(一)(人)(,通)(过)(自)(慰)(的)(方)(式)(完)(成)(捐)(精)(,标)(本)(经)(血)(液)(、传)(染)(病)(、遗)(传)(基)(因)(检)(测)(等)(严)(格)(筛)(选)(后)(,冷)(冻)(于)(零)(下)(196℃液)(氮)(保)(存)(罐)(中)(。
  “基)(于)(现)(在)(生)(育)(年)(龄)(推)(后)(情)(况)(,也)(可)(考)(虑)(在)(身)(体)(状)(况)(最)(好)(的)(时)(候)(把)(最)(充)(满)(活)(力)(的)(精)(子)(保)(存)(起)(来)(,在)(需)(要)(的)(时)(候)(拿)(出)(来)(,给)(后)(代)(上)(一)(份)(优)(生)(优)(育)(的)(生)(殖)(保)(险)(。”范)(立)(青)(说)(。
  “第)(三)(代)(试)(管)(婴)(儿)(,在)(植)(入)(前)(进)(行)(遗)(传)(学)(诊)(断)(和)(筛)(查)(,就)(是)(达)(到)(优)(生)(优)(育)(的)(目)(的)(。”卢)(光)(t说)(,加)(上)(这)(几)(年)(发)(展)(非)(常)(快)(的)(遗)(传)(咨)(询)(、产)(前)(诊)(断)(,已)(经)(能)(诊)(断)(170多)(种)(单)(基)(因)(病)(,20多)(种)(癌)(基)(因)(。
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